The term Galut means Expulsion, forced separation from the former place of residence.

Rav Shimshon Raphael Hirsch writes (in the commentary on Genesis 9: 20-21), that the word Galut - cognate with the Gila, Giluy - "disclose, expose, expose." Being in their natural environment at home, a person protected and stable, and banished like a naked.

We can confidently say that the Galut-Exile is physical and sometimes spiritual. The second terrible. It is possible, even while living in Israel, even standing at the Wailing Wall.

In all there are 4 (and with root, referred to as the Keter - 5) stage. No exception and Exile. They already had four - Egyptian Exile, Assyrian, Babylonian and Roman *, which continues to this day.

But what is the fifth stage of Exile, a kind of crown Galut? It deKdusha Mitzrayim ( "Holy Egypt") - among its expulsion. On the one hand this is what is happening in Israel (and I would not like to discuss politics now). And on the other - this is when the Jews keep the commandments, study the Torah, ** pray - but do it all for yourself.


* Roman exile began with the destruction of the 2nd Temple. It is said that his reason was the so-called "Causeless hatred" Sina't hinam Hebrew. Explains Baal vSulyam: first is not the reason, but a reason (the reason for the same is the need to go in among the peoples of the world in order to bring out the so-called sanctity of sparks (eg Gere)). And secondly, in any hate is the cause (i.e., can not be unreasonable hate) and it lies in the difference of properties. Therefore, you should read this: sin'a leAvodat Hashem Baie hinam - contempt for selfless service.

** Sometimes people justify their evasion of civil duties, the study of the Torah. They say it protects the country better weapons. The problem is that this applies only (!) Disinterested studies Torah (because self-interest in this = exile). And if you ask me where I got the idea that they are now self-serving, I would advise to look at our history and see that we continue to walk the path of suffering.