When you arrive to Israel the first impression from the plane’s window is a mélange of brown pink with ochre surrounded by a turquoise sea. Israel is part of the Middle East that consist of four regions, that is the Mediterranean Coastal Plain, the Central Hills, the Jordan Rift Valley and the Negev Desert. The Coastial Plain, that extends from the border with Lebanon until Gaza, is a fertile region full of citrus orchards and vineyards. This area is crossed by different streams and it includes the Western Galilee, Hof HaCarmel, the Sharon plain and the Southern Coastal Plain.
In the Central Hills there are mountains and hills belonging to the Upper Galilee and Lower Galilee, that reach a maximum height at Mount Meron with its 1208 meters. Among the valleys of this region the largest one is the Jezreel Valley with 48 kilometers of extension. The Jordan Rift Valley comprehends the Jordan River, that is the largest river of Israel flowing into the Lake Tiberias and ending up in the Dead Sea, and the Sea of Galilee. The Dead Sea is 304 meters deep, the deepest hypersaline lake in the world. The Negev Desert with a surface of 12000 square kilometers is an extension of the Sinai Desert, and it is featured by makhteshim cirques like Makhtesh Ramon, Maktesh Gadol and Makhtesh Katan.
The longest river of Israel is the River Jordan with its 320 km of extension, rising in the southern area of Mount Hermon, it flows into the Sea of Galilee and into the Dead Sea. The Kinneret, that is the Sea of Galilee, is the largest freshwater lake of Israel, located in the northeast it has an area of 166 square km and a depths of 46 m. The saltwater Dead Sea is located on the South part of the Kinneret, with its 418 m below sea level, it is the lowest water surface on Earth.
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